Tag: Ethical Hacking

Maturity Assessment

In this blog post, we’ll define a maturity assessment and discuss its benefits and risks. We’ll also explore unique data risks faced by five different industries.

It’s important to stay up to date with the latest cyber threats in order to protect your organization from potential attacks. In addition to implementing security measures, it’s also important for an organization to periodically conduct a maturity assessment to identify areas for improvement.

What is a Maturity Assessment?

A maturity assessment is a comprehensive evaluation of an organization’s security posture. This assessment involves evaluating an organization’s policies, procedures, and technology to determine how effectively they are protecting against cyber threats. The assessment identifies gaps in security and provides recommendations for improvement. The assessment can be used to benchmark progress over time and compare an organization’s security posture to industry best practices.

Benefits of a Maturity Assessment

A maturity assessment provides numerous benefits, including:

  1. Identifying gaps in security: The assessment identifies areas where an organization may be vulnerable to cyber threats. This allows the organization to take steps to improve their security posture and reduce the risk of a successful cyber attack.
  2. Prioritizing security initiatives: The assessment helps organizations prioritize security initiatives based on their impact on overall security posture.
  3. Meeting compliance requirements: Many regulations and industry standards require organizations to periodically assess their cybersecurity maturity level. An assessment can help organizations meet these requirements and avoid penalties for non-compliance.
  4. Improving stakeholder confidence: A cybersecurity maturity assessment can help build stakeholder confidence by demonstrating that the organization is taking proactive steps to protect sensitive data.

Risks of Overlooking a Cybersecurity Maturity Assessment

While a cybersecurity maturity assessment provides numerous benefits, failing to conduct an assessment can have serious consequences. Risks of overlooking a cybersecurity maturity assessment include:

  1. Increased risk of cyber attacks: Failing to identify and address vulnerabilities can leave an organization open to cyber attacks.
  2. Increased cost: A successful cyber attack can be expensive, resulting in lost revenue, damage to the organization’s reputation, and legal fees.
  3. Non-compliance: Failure to meet compliance requirements can result in legal and financial penalties.

Unique Data Risks by Industry

Different industries face unique data risks based on the nature of their business. Here are five examples:

  1. Healthcare: The healthcare industry faces unique risks due to the sensitive nature of patient data. HIPAA regulations require healthcare organizations to protect patient data and report data breaches. Cyber attacks on healthcare organizations can lead to compromised patient data and loss of trust from patients.
  2. Retail: Retail organizations face data risks related to credit card fraud and data breaches. Retailers collect and store large amounts of customer data, including credit card information. If this data is compromised, it can lead to financial loss for the organization and damage to its reputation.
  3. Financial Services: Financial institutions are a prime target for cyber attacks due to the sensitive financial data they hold. Cyber attacks on financial institutions can lead to financial loss, regulatory penalties, and damage to the institution’s reputation.
  4. Energy: The energy sector faces unique risks due to the critical infrastructure it operates. Cyber attacks on the energy sector can disrupt the flow of energy and cause widespread outages. This can have serious economic and social consequences.
  5. Education: The education sector faces unique data risks related to the large amounts of student data it collects and stores. Cyber attacks on education institutions can compromise student data, leading to identity theft and fraud.

In conclusion, a maturity assessment is an important tool for organizations to identify areas for improvement in their security posture. The assessment can help organizations prioritize security initiatives, meet compliance requirements, and improve stakeholder confidence. Failing to conduct an assessment can lead to increased risk of cyber attacks, increased cost, and non-compliance.

Purple Teaming: Enhancing Cybersecurity Posture through Collaborative Testing

As a Chief Information Security Officer (CISO), you are tasked with protecting your organization from cyber threats. With the constantly evolving threat landscape, traditional cybersecurity measures may not be enough to keep your organization safe. This is where purple teaming comes in. In this blog post, we will explore what purple teaming is, how often it should be conducted, and how the findings can be used to improve your organization’s security posture.

What is Purple Teaming?

Purple teaming is a collaborative approach to cybersecurity testing that involves both the offensive and defensive teams working together. The red team, responsible for attacking the organization’s security defenses, works in collaboration with the blue team, responsible for defending against attacks. The goal is to identify vulnerabilities in the organization’s security posture and improve its ability to prevent, detect, and respond to cyber threats.

Benefits of Purple Teaming

  • Collaboration: One of the most significant benefits of purple teaming is collaboration between the red and blue teams. Both teams work together to achieve a common goal, which leads to improved communication and understanding of each other’s roles and responsibilities.
  • Identify Vulnerabilities: Purple teaming can help identify vulnerabilities and gaps in an organization’s defenses that may not be apparent through traditional security assessments. The collaborative approach ensures that all possible attack vectors are explored and tested, allowing for a more comprehensive security assessment.
  • Enhanced Threat Detection and Response: By continuously testing and refining the security posture, purple teaming enables organizations to detect and respond to threats more effectively. This proactive approach ensures that security defenses are continually updated and strengthened.

How Often Should Purple Teaming be Conducted?

The frequency of purple teaming depends on several factors, including the organization’s risk profile, the industry it operates in, and its cybersecurity maturity level. Generally, it is recommended to conduct purple teaming at least once a year, but more frequent testing may be necessary for organizations with a high risk of cyber threats or those that handle sensitive data.

Regular testing ensures that the organization’s security posture is up to date and able to withstand the latest threats. It also provides an opportunity to identify areas that need improvement and make necessary adjustments before a real cyber attack occurs.

How Can the Findings Be Used to Improve an Organization’s Security Posture?

The findings from purple teaming can be used to improve an organization’s security posture in several ways. These include:

  1. Identifying Gaps: Purple teaming can help identify gaps in the organization’s security posture that may have been overlooked by traditional security measures. These gaps can be used to prioritize areas for improvement and allocate resources accordingly.
  2. Enhancing Communication: Purple teaming promotes collaboration and communication between the red and blue teams, enhancing their understanding of each other’s roles and responsibilities. This can help improve the overall effectiveness of the organization’s security measures.
  3. Improving Response: The findings from purple teaming can be used to develop more effective incident response plans. By identifying weaknesses in the organization’s response capabilities, the organization can take steps to improve its ability to detect and respond to cyber threats.
  4. Optimizing Security Investments: Purple teaming can help optimize the organization’s security investments by identifying areas where additional investment may be required, and areas where investments can be scaled back.

Two Practical Examples of Purple Teaming

Example 1: Improving Incident Response

An insurance company conducted a purple team exercise to test its incident response plan. During the exercise, the red team was able to compromise several critical systems and exfiltrate sensitive data. The exercise highlighted weaknesses in the organization’s incident response plan, such as slow response times and inadequate communication between teams. The organization used the findings to revise its incident response plan, increasing its ability to detect and respond to real-world cyber threats.

Example 2: Enhancing Threat Intelligence

A financial institution conducted a purple team exercise to test its threat intelligence capabilities. The exercise revealed that the organization’s threat intelligence was not comprehensive enough to detect advanced persistent threats (APTs). The organization used the findings to improve its threat intelligence capabilities, including increasing the scope of its threat intelligence feeds, developing a more comprehensive threat model, and investing in additional threat intelligence tools.


Purple teaming is a proactive and collaborative approach to cybersecurity testing that can help organizations identify and address vulnerabilities in their security posture. By conducting regular purple team exercises, organizations can improve their incident response plans, enhance their threat intelligence capabilities, optimize their security investments, and ultimately strengthen their overall cybersecurity posture. As a CISO, it’s essential to prioritize purple teaming as part of your organization’s cybersecurity strategy to stay ahead of constantly evolving threats and protect your organization’s critical assets and data.

Delivering VAPT programme for one of the largest stock exchanges in SEA

Customer’s profile:

One of the largest stock exchanges in South East Asia, with 200+ listed companies as of 2021, and a market capitalisation of USD200+ million as of 2021. 

Customer’s challenge:

The client is one of the Stock Exchanges in Asia. Being a prime target for malicious actors, they need to constantly test the strength of their applications and systems to minimise the risk of compromise. They were looking for a partner to engage in the long term to deeply understand their architecture and applications while providing a flexible commercial framework.

Solution delivered:

  • An annual retainer for Vulnerability Assessments and Penetration Testing across the entire application estate of the Stock Exchange with a minimum of 30 tests per year. ​
  • Ethical Hackers are deployed within the stock exchange as well as remotely to look for flaws and vulnerabilities that an attacker could exploit. Recommendations and remediation services are provided on an on-demand basis.

Values delivered to the customer:

  • Local and remote Ethical Hackers available on-demand.​
  • Leverage on our past learnings on delivering to large FSI customers in Asia, as all projects are delivered in-house and not outsource to contractors. 

Protecting 250+ applications for one of the largest insurance company in APAC 

Customer’s profile:

One of the largest insurance company in Asia, which has 6200+ employees across eight offices within the APAC region. The company offers life and medical insurance, general insurance, employees benefits. 

Customer’s challenge:

The customer require a security partner that is flexible and cost-effective, which is in alignment of their security ambitions as they expand its business aggressively regionally within APAC and globally.

Solution delivered:

  • Selected provider to deliver the Annual Penetration Testing exercise, which consists of 160 Web Applications, 30 Mobile Applications, 20 APIs and 2500+ External IPs. ​
  • An on-demand Retainer that allows the client to leverage Theos for an additional 70+ tests per year on an on-demand basis. 

Value delivered to the customer:

  • Our experience & expertise in FSI: Our experience and expertise in defining an effective security programme that is relevant to the customer by leveraging on their current investment and complementing their old architecture with market leading security technologies. ​
  • On-time delivery: During the implementation, Theos identified a compatibility issue and worked with the product vendor to overcome this issue and proceed with the deployment, which was successfully delivered in 2-months of time.